The Water Crisis in the future in India

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Water Crisis in future effects on India

  First of all,I would like to discuss the water crisis in the future and how it will impact our lives. Everyone knows that India is the second-most populous country in the world. About 100 million people across India are on the front line of a national water crisis in the future. The 21 major cities in India are big problems that will arise from groundwater in the next 2-3 years according to the NITI Aayog Government of India. 

The very important monsoon rains have only just arrived in some places, running weeks late, amid a heatwave that has killed people.

Groundwater level and its impact on future

            Groundwater has been steadily decreasing nowadays in India. It makes up 40% of the country’s water supply. As per the central water commission, almost two-thirds of the reservoirs are running below the normal water level

                In India, the largest amount of groundwater used is the water extracted for irrigation. Groundwater constitutes the largest part of the main means of irrigation in the country used are canals, tanks, and wells, including tube wells. The Wells are including Dug wells, Shallow tube wells, and deep tube wells which provide about 61.6% of water for irrigation, and 24.5 % is followed by canals.

Step took in MGNREGA by the Government of India

       Recently, In view of the situation, the Indian government will take a step to minimize the water crisis in the future through the MGNREGA   water conservation scheme. It will be implemented front line of every village area where the farmer can store the water during flood season for the crop field. The farmer cuts his agricultural land to make Pond, reservoirs pits, dug wells, etc to store the rainwater., so the farmer can use it during the crop season to overcome the problem of groundwater.  

   Water being is the most essential need for humans, it is also one of the most under-prioritized but abused commodities. Water is central to our lives but has not been the major point of focus in our planning because India rapidly evolves and grows into an urban society from a rural society.

The Reasons behind water scarcity and how to minimize it

The water crisis in future generations is led by many reasons. Because the scarcity of water is mainly due to the excess population growth and mismanagement of water resources.  The main reasons are the Inefficient use of water for agriculture. India is among the top growers of agricultural produce in the world and therefore, the consumption of water for irrigation is among the highest.

Traditional techniques of irrigation cause maximum water loss due to evaporation, drainage, percolation, water conveyance, and excess use of groundwater.

As more areas come under traditional irrigation techniques, the stress on water available for other purposes will continue. The solution lies in the extensive use of micro-irrigation techniques such as drip and sprinkler irrigation.
·         Reduction in traditional water recharging areas. Rapid construction is ignoring traditional water bodies that have also acted as groundwater recharging mechanisms. We need to urgently revive traditional aquifers while implementing new ones.

·        ·Due to the Lack of on-time de-silting operations on large water bodies that can enhance water storage capacity during monsoon. It is surprising that the governments at state levels have not taken this up on priority as an annual practice. This act alone can significantly add to the water storage levels.

·         Lack of efficient water management and distribution of water between urban consumers, the agriculture sector, and industry. The government must invest more in technology and involve all stakeholders in planning to ensure the present value of the money.

Solutions to overcome water scarcity problems

   The simple addition of a ‘water-free male urinal in our homes can save well over 25,000 liters of water, per home per year. The traditional flush dispenses around six liters of water per flush. 

    If all-male members including boys of the house use the ‘water-free urinal’ instead of pulling the traditional flush, the collective impact on the demand for water will reduce significantly. This must be made mandatory by law and followed up by education and awareness both at home and school.

      The amount of water that is wasted during dishwashing at home is significant. We need to change our dishwashing methods and minimize the habit of keeping the water running. A small step can make a significant saving in water and unnecessary use of water.

    Every home/flat and group housing colony must have a rainwater harvesting facility. If efficiently designed and properly managed, this alone can reduce the water demand.

          If Wastewater treatment and recycling of water are used for non-drinking purposes. Several low-cost technologies are available that can be implemented in group housing areas.


Finally, I would like to point out how minimizing or unnecessary use of water can arise a water crisis in the future in India. Very often, we see water leaking in our homes, in public areas, and in the colonies. A small, steady water leak can cause a big loss if we consider it all and it needs to be understood, aware, and conscious of water wastage. We will not be able to avail of the basic quantity of water that we need to carry on with our normal lives.

We should take the necessary steps and save daily unnecessary use of the water.

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