Today I will discuss two crops mainly the Kharif crop and Robi Crop in India this topic. If you want to learn about or willing to know about this seasonal crop in India then read without skipping it.
What is a Crop?
A Kharif and Robi crop in India is a plant that is cultivated or grown on a large scale. In general, crops are grown so they can be commercially traded. In other words, a crop is any plant that is grown and harvested extensively for for-profit purposes.
All crops do not grow in the same season. Different crops have specific requirements and suitable climatic conditions.
In India, the crops are broadly classified into two different types based on the climatic condition
Types of Crops in India
The two major types of crops in India. Namely, Kharif and Rabi crops.
Kharif Crops in India
The word “Kharif” is Arabic for autumn since the season coincides with the beginning of autumn or winter. As the cultivation of these crops happens in the monsoon season, another name for the Kharif crop is the monsoon crop. The Kharif season differs in every state of the country but is generally from June to September.
We sow the crop at the beginning of the monsoon season around June and harvest by September or October. Rice, maize, bajra, ragi, soybean, groundnut, and cotton are all Kharif crops. Let us take a detailed look at a few of these, Kharif Crops.
The Kharif cropping season starts with the onset of the monsoon and ends when the rainy season is over. The rabi crops are sown at the end of the monsoon and harvested before the advent of the summer season. These crops require good rainfall. The output of these crops depends upon the time and amount of rainwater. Paddy, maize, bajra, jowar are a few Kharif crops grown in India.
Different types of Kharif crops in India:
As mentioned before, India is the second-largest producer of rice in the world after China. India accounts for approximately 20% of the world’s rice production. It is arguably the most important agricultural crop that grows in the country. Rice is a staple food pan India, and its cultivation is also widespread across the country.
Rice prominently grows in high rainfall areas. It requires average temperatures of 25°c and a minimum of 100 cms of rainfall. It’s traditionally grown in waterlogged rice paddy fields. Northeast plains and coastal areas are the major rice-producing areas of the country.
After rice and wheat, maize is the most important cereal crop in India. It accounts for approximately one-tenth of the total agricultural produce in India. Cultivation of maize is focused in the regions of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. It requires temperatures in the range of 21°c to 27°c and rainfall of between 50 cms to 75 cms.
Rabi crops are known as winter crops. They are grown in the month of October or November. The crops are then harvested in spring. These crops require frequent irrigation because they are grown in dry areas. Wheat, gram, and barley are some of the rabi crops grown in India.
Following are some examples of rabi crops:
Wheat, Linseed, Mustard, Pulses, Oats, Barley, potato, and seeds like mustard, linseed, sunflower, coriander, cumin, etc.
However, it is of utmost importance for all to know the difference between Rabi and Kharif crops, as the prices of grains and vegetables depend on the yield of these two.
COVID-19 lockdown, pre-monsoon sowing of Kharif crops in India has begun across the country. The paddy acreage is 27 percent higher at 32.58 lakh hectares so far as compared to last season, according to the agriculture ministry. The sowing will pick up with the onset of the southwest monsoon (June-September), which delivers about 70 percent of the country’s annual rainfall.
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