Bhopal Gas Tragedy in India

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bhopal gas tragedy
Bhopal Gas Tragedy

The Bhopal Gas tragedy in India is one of the most destroying accidental propaganda. In the month of December 1984 the union Carbide India Ltd, workers complete their task to return to their destination. Suddenly the emergency alarm bell makes a sound and a repugnant smell due to the leaking of gas around the city which makes it difficult to breathe for locals people. 

The next day, more than a thousand people had already died due to the destruction of the gas leak. The Methyl-iso-cyanate (MIC) gas in the atmosphere exposed people to severe irritation in the eyes, coughing, blepharospasm, and burning sensation within the respiratory tracts. 

In this horror accident, more than 5 lakh people were affected and till now, all the families are suffering from this accident

Bhopal Gas accident and start EPA 

Bhopal Gas Tragedy in India was one of the worst industrial accidents in the world and a watershed moment for India. The Parliament, as the lawmakers gathered to formulate stronger acts, policies, norms, and laws to ensure that such horrific incidents do not occur in India again. 

The Government of India implemented or enacted the Environment Protection Act of 1986 (EPA) under Article 253 of the Indian Constitution. 

The Act came in as a result of the Bhopal gas tragedy as well as India’s commitment to follow the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment that took place in Stockholm in June 1972. The conference was attended by 122 nations that passed the Stockholm Declaration, which contained 26 principles that focused on development, the environment, and the necessity of human interaction with the environment.

The main benefit of this Act of 1986 most importantly to prevent hazards from happening and causing damage to the ecology and to improve and protect the human environment,

Environment Protection Act of 1986

On November 19, 1986, the Environment Protection Act of 1986 came into force and was implemented all over the country. The Act comprises 4 chapters and 26 sections pertaining to the roles and responsibilities of different government actors and agencies. 

  • Chapter first
    • The Deals with the title of the Act, jurisdiction and extension, when the act has been enacted, and most importantly the definition of terms that are involved in the Act.
  • Chapter second
    • Emphasizes the power that resides with the Central government pertaining to the Act.
  • Chapter Third
    • To talk about actions that the Central government can take to protect the environment. 
  • The final chapter
    • The Central government outline power to appoint officials to ensure that the objectives of the Environment Protection Act


The Bhopal Gas Tragedy case is the most industrial accident in India. We should all remember this and precautions should take in such type of situation not to occur in the future.

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