The super cyclonic Storm ‘AMPHAN’(pronounced as UM-PUN)was a powerful tropical cyclone that caused widespread damage over East India and Bangladesh. It mainly affects Kolkata, West Bengal, India. It destroys many properties of that area. Many trees were uprooted on the side of the road are fallen the road, electricity and telephone line brought down. The rains and heavy winds caused massive damage to crops and infrastructure.
Amphan, the super Cyclone affects badly in west Bengal Kolkata Airport and flooded the whole area. Many people have died in this cyclone.
Cyclone Affected Area in India in 2020:
The first super cyclonic storm to occur in the Bay of Bengal since the 1999 Odisha cyclone. It was the strongest tropical cyclone to strike the Ganges Delta since the 2007 season
Amphan reached its peak intensity with 3-minute sustained wind speeds of 240 km/h), 1-minute sustained wind speeds of 260 km/h, and a minimum central barometric pressure of 925 mbar (27.32 inHg). The storm began an eyewall replacement cycle shortly after it reached its peak intensity, but the continued effects of dry air and wind shear disrupted this process and caused Amphan to gradually weaken as it paralleled the eastern coastline of India.
Amphan cyclone storm origin
It originated from a low-pressure area persisting a couple of hundred miles east of Colombo, Sri Lanka, on 13 May 2020. Tracking northeastward, the disturbance organized over exceptionally warm sea surface temperatures; the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) upgraded the system to a tropical depression on 15 May while the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) followed suit the following day. On 17 May, Amphan underwent rapid intensification and became an extremely severe cyclonic storm within 12 hours.
Destruction of this Cyclone Amphan many birds are died also some of them injured. A day after Amphan, one of the most powerful cyclones in over a decade, hit West Bengal, the Kolkata airport suffered major damages. The runway was completely inundated with floodwater. An Air India hangar collapsed, while floodwaters left one Air India aircraft damaged
Amphan starts hitting the Sundarbans, a mangrove area around the India-Bangladesh border. It affects some parts of the Orrisa. Three districts in West Bengal – South and North 24 Parganas and East Midnapore – were very badly affected.
In Bangladesh, there are reports of tens of thousands of homes damaged or destroyed, and many villages submerged by storm surges in low-lying coastal areas like Khulna and Satkhira. The authorities evacuated nearly 35 lakhs of people ahead of the cyclone.
West Bengal Government package to cyclone-affected people
Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said West Bengal has suffered losses of about Rs 1 lakh crore due to the effect of cyclone Amphan. After conducting an aerial survey of some of the affected areas and attending a review meeting along with PM in Basirhat.Chief Minister discussed details with PM about the post-cyclone situation in the state during lockdown period,
Indian Government special package
Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced Rs 1000 Crore for the emergency fund but he didn’t clarify whether it’ll be advance or a package. He said he’ll decide later on but he said it may be advanced also.
Amphan cyclone-affected location
Cyclone Amphan crossed West Bengal-Bangladesh coast between Digha (West Bengal) and Hatiya Islands (Bangladesh) across Sunderbans (West Bengal) near latitude 21.65N & longitude 88.3E between 1530 and 1730 hrs IST of today, with a wind speed of 155-165 km p/h gusting to 185 mph. Almost Someone said in her village 80% of the mud-and-bamboo houses in many villages had been destroyed by the dangerous effect of Amphan.